The three main types of diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes makes up about 10% of all cases of diabetes.

Hereditary type 2 diabetes

This form of type 2 diabetes is passed on genetically. (There is no known cure for this type of diabetes, but it can be managed in such a way as to require less insulin medication than is normally required.) Less than 10% of all cases of type 2 diabetes are hereditary.

Type 2 diabetes caused by lifestyle choices

As previously defined, when one’s lifestyle includes over-consumption of refined sugar, processed and fast foods, plus excessive tension and lack of sleep and exercise, one can acquire type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes

The main function of the pancreas is to maintain the body’s blood glucose (sugar) balance. The primary hormones of the pancreas are insulin and glucagon—both regulate blood glucose. With type 1 diabetes, the pancreas stops secreting the insulin needed to transport sugar to the cells to be used for energy that fuels our body. Hence, insulin injections are required for the type 1 diabetic.

Hereditary type 2 diabetes

Hereditary type 2 diabetes can be acquired directly from a parent. Alternatively, the diabetes can jump from a grand or great grandparent to affect the victim and miss all the other descendants. Other descendants of the grand or great grandparent who had diabetes could be pre-diabetic—not full-blown diabetic—thus, they would not technically be diabetic. We know that when one has hereditary type 2 diabetes, the pancreas does function properly. What that means is the pancreas does not secrete the insulin needed to convert sugar to glucose, a major source of energy for the body. Insulin regulates blood glucose levels. As type 2 diabetes progresses, the pancreas produces less and less insulin. The outcome is the need for manual insulin injections or insulin patches attached to the shoulder. Each patch contains a single dose which is absorbed over several hours.

Type 2 diabetes caused by lifestyle choices

Type 2 diabetes acquired through lifestyle is the most common type of diabetes. The person is not born with the diabetes but acquires it through one’s choices made in their lifestyle. The primary damaging lifestyle choices that cause type 2 diabetes are bad eating habits, stress, and lack of sleep. Because this type of diabetes is brought on by lifestyle choices, it is the easiest and quickest to reverse and cure in four month or less. One can draw a parallel between obesity and type 2 diabetes in that they are both caused by lifestyle choices and can be remedied through changes in lifestyle choices.