There are differences between type 1 and 2 diabetes; however, the signs and symptoms are almost identical. Most type 2 diabetics are diagnosed in their mid-forties. Most type 1 diabetics are diagnosed as children. Though the two types of diabetes have almost identical signs and symptoms, the conditions are not the same.
Ten percent of all cases of diabetes are type 1. The remaining 90% are type 2. Some type 2 and type 1 diabetes cases are hereditary, meaning the diabetes runs in the blood line. However, this does not mean the entire family line will have the condition. In most cases of hereditary diabetes, the condition appears randomly in a family line.
Here are some common differences between the two types of diabetes.
Differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes
|Type 1||Type 2|
|What happens inside your body||The pancreas does not secrete insulin responsible for transporting sugar to the blood cells.||The pancreas still works and secretes sufficient insulin to transport sugar to the blood cells.|
|What are the risk factors/causes?||Cows’ milk can cause an immune reaction in children leading to type 1 diabetes.||Both weight and ethnicity are not risk factors. Research shows that the main cause of type 2 diabetes is overconsumption of refined sugar.|
|Cure||Type 1 diabetes cannot be cured. There is no known cure so far.||Type 2 diabetes can be reversed and cured, research shows.|
|Type 1 diabetes is managed through manual insulin injections.||Traditionally, type 2 diabetes is managed through medication. Some doctors now say it can be managed with diet.|
|Preventive Action||Because research has found that cows’ milk can be a cause of type 1 diabetes, for its prevention, do not feed cow’s milk to a child.||Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by making healthy lifestyle choices.|
Difference in risk factors between Type 1 and Type 2
There is not a lot of information on the risk factors in respect to type 1 diabetes. As shown in the chart above, the only known risk factor is in relation to children. Researchers points to the feeding of cow’s milk to children as posing a risk of the child becoming a type 1 diabetic. Otherwise, lifestyle is not a risk factor/cause in the case of type 1 diabetes.
Some adults in their forties are now beginning to be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. This maybe due to the fact that type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition that progresses to type 1 diabetes.
It was long believed that diabetes was common within certain ethnicities, particularly amongst African Americans (blacks), Native Americans, Asians, and people of Hispanic background. Recent research has shown that no one race is more at a high risk of developing diabetes than any other.
You can also acquire type 2 diabetes hereditarily. It won’t necessarily come from your parents; it could be that one of your grandparents had it, or even an aunt or uncle. This means it is in the family line and can also appear randomly, as with type 1.
Type 2 diabetes is most commonly developed in adulthood, although it can also occur in childhood. Type 2 diabetes can sometimes be managed with healthy eating and regular exercise alone, but may also require medications or insulin therapy.
Type 2 diabetes and sugar
Diabetes type 2 and sugar are directly linked. According to Dr. Sanjay Basu Ph.D., an Epidemiologist from Stanford University cited in the Stanford Medicine newsletter in an article written by Digitale (2013): Researchers from Stanford University School of Medicine, the University of California-Berkley and the University of California-San Francisco examined data on sugar availability and diabetes rates from 175 countries over the past decade. After counting for obesity and a large array of other factors, the researchers found that increased sugar in a population’s food supply was linked to higher diabetes rates, independent of obesity rates.
Pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes
Pre-diabetes can lead to full-blown type 2 diabetes, which is one of the leading causes of early death worldwide. In undeveloped nations where there is less information about the causes of pre-diabetes and the ensuing type 2 diabetes, the condition is killing thousands of people each year. In the United States, 11% of the population is diabetic. There are over 70 million more people who are pre-diabetic and don’t even know it, according to the American Diabetes Association.
In the United States, pre-diabetes and full-blown type 2 diabetes has reached epidemic proportions. Let’s look at California, for example. A UCLA study showed that in California alone, 13 million adults are pre-diabetic and 2.5 million, (or 9% of the population,) is type 2 diabetic. The research also showed that the two groups represent 15.5 million people (55 percent of the state’s population). Apply this equation to the entire United States and other countries, and the figures becomes staggering. For example, there are 60 million diabetics in India alone. This means there are likely over 200 million people in that country who don’t know they are pre-diabetic. The same research found that 30% of pre-diabetics will acquire full-blown type 2 diabetes within five years of their diagnosis and the remaining 70% will develop it at some point in their lifetime. When people are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, some go into denial, followed by self-disappointment and sometimes anger. In a rush to find a solution, they become susceptible to misleading information that leads many of the newly-diagnosed to make decisions which, unbeknownst to them, allows for the progression of the diabetes, eventually resulting in heart disease, kidney failure, limb amputation, and even early death by stroke. In Canada, 9% of the population is diabetic and 4 out of 5 Canadians are at risk of becoming type 2 diabetic mainly because of their lifestyle choices.
Symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes
The reason so many people are pre-diabetic and don’t know it is mainly due to the fact that the symptoms are not obvious. The most easily detectable symptom is the craving for sugar. When one actually becomes diabetic, they experience the below symptoms:
- A strong craving for something sweet
- Rapid weight loss
- Cuts and wounds take longer to heal
- Blurred vision, indicating the blood sugar level is low
- Feeling tied
- Lack of strength
- Frequent urination
Experiencing just one of the above noted symptoms does not mean you have become diabetic. For example, craving sugar might mean you are pre-diabetic, while frequent urination might mean a prostate problem or a disease affecting the urinary tract. Oncoming diabetes will cause all or most of the above symptoms. If you begin to experience any of them, see a doctor.
Managing type 1 and type 2 diabetes
The question to begin with is whether type 1 and type 2 diabetes be managed? The answer depends on which medical professional you speak with. There is trend that recently has begun in the United States that many physicians have signed onto. It is known as Lifestyle Medicine—the application of healthy eating to allow the body to heal itself. This new lifestyle approach to living healthy is gaining momentum in the medical field. As a lifestyle strategist who once almost lost his life to type 2 diabetes and being overweight, my research, which saved my life, showed that you can significantly alter your lifestyle by making simple changes. Essentially, this method is the same as the one used to reverse type 2 diabetes. Although type 1 diabetes has to be managed, type 2, on the other hand, can be reversed and cured through lifestyle changes. Some simple lifestyle changes are as follows:
- Eating a low-calorie diet: this facilitates weight loss.
- Utilizing exercise designed for pre-diabetics and type 2 diabetics
- Including the keto diet as part of your meal plan
The above three simple steps, if used together concurrently, effect burning off the excess sugar in the body. Once the sugar has been burnt off, the diabetic body turns to body fat for energy. This is what is known as ketosis. The point at which the body has no option but to use fat for energy leads to a speedy reversal of pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes. The abovementioned steps work miracles for people who are overweight or obese.
Emotional impact of type 1 and type 2 diabetes
Diabetes has a psychological impact, not just on the victim, but on the victim’s family as well. When a victim is first diagnosed, he or she often experiences shock followed by denial. I went through this experience and understand how it feels.
Slowly, reality sets in. One may even cry a little and feel disappointed for allowing themselves to have become diabetic. As a man, I felt diminished. These are normal human feelings. Living with type 1 or type 2 diabetes can sometimes be overwhelming. When I was diagnosed, and was dealing with the emotional reactions, I talked with friends about my experience with the condition. Family and friends are normally very sympathetic.
The good news is that, if you a type 2 diabetic or just pre-diabetic, there are the scientifically-proven steps you can take to the reverse your condition.
Can type 1 and type 2 diabetes be cured or prevented?
Unfortunately, there’s currently no permanent cure for Type 1 diabetes. However, there is a cure, or what some refer to as remission, for type 2 diabetes, and these results are evidence-based. The man accredited as the father of Mathematics, Ibn al Haytham, also known as Al Hazeen, taught his students about the importance of evidence-based conclusions. After consulting with my doctor and several health care practitioners, I carried out my own research and experimentation. With their knowledge and inspiration at my back, I was determined to achieve weight-loss and reverse my type 2 diabetes. The development of my three-pronged approach allowed me to achieve my goals in only three weeks. This became my direct evidence that tackling the problem of excess sugar in the body plus effecting weight loss can produce the reversal of T2DM. In 2009, when I was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, I had a blood sugar level of 21.7 millimoles/L—a life-threatening quantity. After three weeks on my program, my blood sugar level was normal. With continued practice of the specific exercises given in my weight-loss/diabetes program, I went from an overweight 219 pounds to my suggested healthy weight of 175 pounds. To this day I remain type 2 diabetes-free, and at the same healthy weight.
Another piece of evidence was published in the article “Type 2 diabetes can be cured in four months — if you cut calories and exercise” in the online newspaper National Post on March 16, 2017. A research study headed by Dr. Natalia McInnes of McMaster University, Ontario, Canada, concluded that: “Type 2 diabetes can be reversed in just four months”. Do you need more evidence than this?
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